무제 문서
about park
Painter annual report
1914 He was born in Jeonglim-ri, Yanggu-eup, Yanggu-gun, Kangwon-do as a third-generation only son of Park Hyung-Ji and Yoon Bok-Joo.
His family was rich doing farming and business, and he was a Christian and he had three older sisters.
(2 years)
Younger brother Dongkeun was born.
(4 years)
Another younger brother Wonkeun was born.
1920 TOP
(7 years)
His father made a big loss in mining business. His family went through a financial difficulty due to the failure of farming by the flood in summer.
After that, his father became a low salaried man as silkworm instructor to recover his family only to fail.
He entered Yanggu public primary school and he began to show his inborn talent in art class.
(12 years)
He was specially favored by the class teacher and the principal thanks to his drawing talent.
At this time of age, he was impressed by full color reproduction of 'The Angelus' of Millet who is a french painter of farmer for the first time.
He was more absorbed in drawing, and he always prayed that "God, please make me become an artist like Millet in the future".
(13 years)
He graduated Yanggu public primary school.
He could not enter the middle school due to poor family and he faced losing of his dream to become artist. But he decided to educate himself by his earnest hope of becoming an artist and encouragement from the principal who minded his talent.
Since then, he trained himself with pencil sketch and water color in the mountains and the fields, and he drew a picture of a lady working in the farm and a girl gathering greens.
1930 TOP
(12 years)
He took courage from the acceptance of his submitted watercolor named <Spring Has Come> in which he drew early spring farm in Western Art Division of [Chosun Art Exhibition] of Seoul as a self-educated art student in the countryside.
But he was not accepted from next year(1933) to 1935.
(21 years)
He was heartsick over the death of his mother because of her long struggled breast cancer. His family got poorer and his father escaped to the Mt. Kumkang due to the debt after consolidating the property, and his brothers were scattered away. He went alone to Chunchon and devote himself to drawing in extreme poverty.
(22 years)
He submitted watercolor named <Working Woman> in the 15th [Chosun Art Exhibition] and it was accepted for the second time. This was the time when he drew pictures traveling from Chunchon to Pochon to live on his own, and that year's place of entry was Kyunggi-do.
(23 years)
His watercolor named <Spring> which sketched girls gathering greens was accepted in the 16th [Chosun Art Exhibition] for the third time. That year's place of entry was Seoul.
(24 years)
His first oil painting named <Woman in the Farm> in which he got the oil with difficulty was accepted in the 17th [Chosun Art Exhibition]. That year's place of entry was Seoul also, and it seemed that time was the period he broadened his view of art in Seoul.
(25 years)
Oil painting named <Splendid Day> was accepted in the 18th [Chosun Art Exhibition].
This was re-drawn oil painting of watercolor named <Spring Has Come> which was accepted in 11th Exhibition, and this showed his self-education of oil painting. After he moved to Chunchon from Seoul in the fall, he went to Geumsung where his remarried father lived with his brother, and there he loved neighboring seventeen years old girl named Kim Bok-Soon who graduated girls' school in Chunchon.
1940 TOP
(26 years)
February 10, He married Kim Bok-Soon and they had a wedding at Geumsung Methodist Church. They were devout Christians and made a new home in Geumsung. In May, he got a job at social section of provincial government office of Pyungannam-do as a clerk and he moved to Pyungyang.
(27 years)
His younger brother Dongkeun died of the illness.
He brought his bride to Pyungyang in September. He enjoyed a happy life even though he lived in a rented room with small salary, and he was earnest in drawing in the holiday and after the work and trained himself as a continuously accepted artist in [Chosun Art Exhibition].
His drawing named <Grinding Woman> was accepted in the 20th [Chosun Art Exhibition]. The Pacific War broke out in that year.
(28 years)
His wife gave a birth to a first son named Sungso.
(29 years)
His drawing named <Unthreading Woman> which his wife was modeled was accepted in the 22nd [Chosun Art Exhibition].
(30 years)
His wife gave a birth to a first daughter named Insook. He sent his wife and little son and daughter to his father's house in Geumsung since women and the old and the infirm were urged to evacuate due to American bomb attack on Pyungyang.
(31 years)
He experienced 8.15 Independence Day alone in Pyungyang. He resigned clerk in provincial government office of Pyungannam-do and returned to Geumsung where his family resided, and he was appointed as an art teacher in Geumsung middle school. He was monitored and tortured by the communist because he was devout Christians and free-thinking artist.
(33 years)
Second son named Sungnam was born.
(34 years)
First son named Sungso died of the encephalitis.
(35 years)
Third son Songin was born.
1950 TOP
The Korean War broke out.
His family took refuge to the countryside several tens of kilometers away from Geumsung since he felt a threat to their family's safety.
He got a freedom after he overcame a few arrests by going north of UN and Korean soldiers.
But, he felt a threat again by China's entry into the war and UN' s retreat at year end, and he was separated with his family while they were taking refuge to countryside due to the pursuit of North Korean soldiers.
He decided to going south alone. His third son named Songin died in the midst of the war.
He went to gunsan and worked as a dock worker, and he drew pictures again there freely.
October. His wife and little children Insook and Sungnam who remained in Geumsung under communist regime successfully returned to South Korea.
At this time of period, Park, Soo-Keun stayed in older brother-in-law's(Kim Young-Ju, defected to south before the Korean War) house in Changsin-dong, Seoul and he met his wife and children there dramatically while he was inquiring here and there of his family's coming south everyday.
He tried to sell his drawings even in cheap prices to earn a new living with the assistance of an artist Lee Sang-Woo who ran art studio in Heyhwa-dong.
He got a painting job in CID(Criminal Investigation Department) by the introduction of Mr. Lee, and he also drew portraits which enable far better earnings in PX of US 8th Army(Shinsegue Department Store at present) saving 350,000 Hwan to buy a small house in Changsin-dong and he devoted himself in creating work of art at small floor in his house.
His first entry named <House> to 2nd [National Art Exhibition] which was suspended and continued due to the war was chosen as special selection and was highlighted, and <On the Road> was accepted.
From this time, skill of Park Soo-Keun began to show peculiarly simplified humble subject display, thick and clear contour of black line, flat colors of white, grayish brown and yellowish brown and exclusion of light & shade and perspective. His youngest son named Sungmin was born in that year.
He began to scrap newspaper articles regarding the art until he die in 1965.
His drawings named <Landscape> and <Mortar> was accepted in the 3rd [National Art Exhibition].
He exhibited <Mountain> and <On the Road> in Korea-US Joint Exhibition commemorating 4th year following the outbreak of the Korean War as a member.
He stopped portrait drawing in PX of US army as a means of livelihood and concentrated on his work of art in extreme poverty. He exhibited his drawings in [Seoul Artists' Exhibition].
Participated artists are Byun Young-Keun, Lee Soo-Ok, Cho Byung-Hon and others.
<Afternoon> was accepted in the 4th [National Art Exhibition].
<Two Women>(Won National Assembly's Cultural Director Prize), <On the Road> and <Landscape> were exhibited in the 7th [Korea-US Joint Exhibition].
<The Tree> was accepted in the 5th [National Art Exhibition].
<On the Road> and <Landscape> were exhibited in the 8th [Korea-US Joint Exhibition].
He was praised as a distinctively formative artist who had traditional material and emotional feeling by foreign artists by the media of Bando Gallery which is located in Bando Hotel(location of Lotte Hotel at present) and he sold many drawings there.
Second daughter named Inae was born in that year(She died of the illness in 1967).
He made large sized masterpiece named <Three Ladies> elaborately and exhibited in the 6th [National Art Exhibition], but it was not accepted to make him shocked and sad. He drank a lot to get out of emotional distress. His world of artwork in this time of period reflected matured artistic achievement by the consistency of the subject and distinctive formation through clearer expressional characteristics and more focused love in poverty and ordinary life.
<The Roadside Pedlar> which was collected by American lady named Ms.
Celia Zimmerman who was an art dealer and collector playing a major role of foundation and management of Bando Gallery was exhibited in [East & West Art Exhibition] sponsored by UNESCO US Committee held in San Francisco. Other Korean entries were <Snowy Day> of Kim Young-Ki and <A Fishing Village> of Sung Je-Hyu in this exhibition. <Mother & Son>, <On the Road> and <Landscape> were exhibited in [Korean Modern Art Exhibition] which was held in World House Gallery in New York. He gave up the exhibition in [National Art Exhibition] due to last year(1957)'s rejection.
He was informed that he was selected as recommended artist from the related department of National Art Exhibition, and he exhibited <Leisurely Day> and <Seated Woman> in the 8th Exhibition. He exhibited <Spring>, <Resting Lady> and <An Old Man and A Playing Child> in the 3rd Modern Artist Invitation Exhibition.
1960 TOP
Following the fall of Liberal Party by 4.19 Student Movement, the Democratic Party ruled the country.
He exhibited <Girls on the Road> in the 9th [National Art Exhibition] as a recommended artist.
5.16 Military Revolution broke out.
He exhibited <An Old Man> in the 9th [National Art Exhibition] as a recommended artist.
He exhibited <A Tree> in [International Free Art Exhibition] held in Tokyo.
He was appointed as a judge for Western paintings in the 11th [National Art Exhibition], and he exhibited <A Cow and Playing Child>(Possessed by Hoam Art Museum).
[Park Soo-Keun's Special Invitation Exhibition] was held in USAFK library.
He exhibited his drawings in [Korea Modern Art Exhibition] held in Manila.
He contributed 'New Book' to a newspaper that "[Deluxe] art book, complete realization of art - Kim Heung-Soo's Masterworks" about Kim Heung-Soo's art book publication(UNESCO publishing department).
At this time of period, his artistic position and impression was getting raised and his granitic technique and expressional internality reached the climax, but he was still poor as the people in his art works.
He exhibited <Pleasure> in the 12th [National Art Exhibition] as a recommended artist.
He ruined his kidney and liver due to continuous drinking, and he had the cataract surgery in an ophthalmic clinic after he postponed it since he had not enough money to have surgery.
But the result of the surgery was not good and he had his optic nerve hurt in the process of re-surgery at another hospital and he lost his sight of one eye.
From that time on, he wore the glasses and drew with only one eye.
In September, his house was in the legal procedure and he won the suit, but he moved to 77 Junnong-dong.
Madame Miller suggested to hold private exhibition in Los Angeles in 1964 and she contacted collectors of his art works in the USA, but she could not hold an exhibition.
He suffered from his chronic illness of liver and was troubled with the severe pain, but he drank and pushed ahead with his drawing.
He exhibited <Grandfather and Grandson>(Possessed by National Modern Art Museum) in the 13th [National Art Exhibition] as a recommended artist.
He was hospitalized in Adventist Hospital in Chongryangri by the deterioration of hepatocirrhosis and clotted blood. He left the hospital on the 5th of May since he could not recover from the illness.
He died at 1 AM of the 6th of May with the last word " Heaven is not near and far away, far away...".
He was buried at the grave of Dong Shin church located in Sohol-myun, Pochon-gun, Kyunggi-do.
His widow allowed to exhibit his posthumous work <Playing Child> in 14th [National Art Exhibition] in fall.
1970 TOP
1970 His 79 posthumous works were exhibited in posthumous work exhibition held in the Central Public Information Center located in Sogong-dong.
Posthumous exhibition was held in Hyundai Gallery. 200 pieces of watercolors and pencil drawings, and 20 pieces of oil paintings were exhibited.
1974 Posthumous engraving exhibition was held in Paikrok Gallery.
1975 Exhibition of 10th anniversary of late Park Soo-Keun was held in Munheon Gallery and published its catalog.
1978 Posthumous exhibition for Park Soo-Keun was held in Munhwa Gallery and published art book.
May 5, Drawing gravestone was built in the grave of Dongsan church located in Sohol-myun, Pochon-gun, Kyunggi-do. In the gravestone, simple figure of a woman with her baby on her back which Park enjoyed drawing was engraved as magnified about 15 times.
1979 September 30. His widow named Kim Bok-Soon who devoted herself as an evangelist of Jungkok-dong Presbyterian Church died of a stroke at the age of 57.
1980 TOP
1980 October 20, Korean government posthumously awarded Eunkwan Order of Culture Merit to late artist Park Soo-Keun.
1985 His paintings were exhibited in 10 artists exhibition of Western painting in the commemoration of opening of Woojung Art Museum.
Hyundai Gallery held the memorial exhibition of the 20th anniversary of late Park Soo-Keun and Yeolwhadang published his art book.
1990 TOP
1990 His statue was erected in Bibong Park located in Yanggu-eup, Yanggu-gun, Kangwon-do. It measured 2m wide, 1.9m long and 1m thick and made of granite constructed by Professor Lee Jong-Kil of Chunchon Education University.
1995 Hyundai Gallery held the 30th anniversary of late Park Soo-Keun.
[Korean Modern Arts: Oil Painting- Glimpse into Modern Times], National Museum of Contemporary Art
1998 Selected as Exaltation Project of Kangwon Spirit
[Re-Searched Contemporary Art]. National Museum of Contemporary Art
1999 [Korean Art for 50 years:1950-1999], Gallery Hyundai July 16th-October 7th, [Exhibition of the Artists of An Early Death and Destiny], Gana Art Center.
2000 TOP
2001 [Exhibition of the Artists of An Early Death and Destiny], Gana Art Center
2002 Selected as 'Cultural People of May' by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism
April 17th-May 19th, [Korean Artist Park Soo-Keun], Gallery Hyundai
May 29th, Held an academic event of 'Sociality and Femininity Expressed in Park Soo-Keun's Paintings' hosted by National Museum of Contemporary Art and Korean Modern Art History Association
Opening of Park Soo-Keun Art Museum
2003 Memorial Exhibition of Park Soo-Keun Art Museum Opening built by Yanggu-gun [Life and Art of Park Soo-Keun] March 18th~ June 29th, 2003 Planning Exhibition <Artists Praising Park Soo-Keun>
August 18th ~ September 17th Planning Exhibition <Nature and Life of Kangwon>
Memorial Exhibition of 1st Opening Anniversary of the Museum <Image of Park Soo-Keun - Illustrations and Sketches of Park Soo-Keun>
2004 Moved the grave of Park Soo-Keun
April 24th ~ August 31st Memorial Exhibition of Gallery Hyundai by Park Myung-Ja <Park Soo-Keun and the Artists in that Period>
October 25th, 2004 ~ March 31st, 2005 <Art Works of Park Soo-Keun that Returned to Hometown>
2005 Memorial Exhibition of 40th Anniversary of Late Park Soo-Keun <Again, Spring Has Come>
November 5th, 2005 ~ February 26th, 2006 <Portrait of the Times, The Sound of Daily Life>
2006 Exhibition of <Park Soo-Keun, Meets with the Artists in the Hometown>
2007 Exhibition of <The Fragrance of Park Soo-Keun in the Sculpture>
Source 'Center for Art Studies'